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Could Your Back Pain Be Spine Cancer?

Could Your Back Pain Be Spine Cancer?

Author:

25 Jun 2018

Spine Cancer is an alarming diagnosis and nobody wants this to be a diagnosis for back pain. Also known as an intradural tumour, Spine cancer is a growth in the spinal canal or the bones in the spine and may also involve the vertebral discs. In those cases, it is known as a vertebral tumour. Seeking immediate medical help from a good spine specialist in Delhi is advisablein case if the symptoms mentioned in this article match your existing condition.

Signs and Symptoms

There are numerous clinical signs and symptoms of Spine Cancer and they may involve the spinal cord, nerves, blood vessels as well as the bone.

  • Localised pain at tumour site.
  • Radiating pain which is severe in nature.
  • Less susceptibility to temperature and pain.
  • Bowel and bladder incontinence.
  • Difficulty in walking.
  • Severe nocturnal backache.
  • Muscle weakness and loss of sensation in limbs.
  • Pain that only gets worse with time despite management.

Types of Spine Cancer

Intradural tumours are divided into Intramedullary, Extramedullary and Metastatic tumours.

  • Intramedullary tumours originate from the cells in the spinal cord and progress from there itself.
  • Extramedullary tumours originate from the membrane around the spinal cord, or the nerve roots anastomosing with the spinal cord but they do cause considerable nerve compression and associated complications.
  • Metastatic tumours are caused by spread of malignant tumours towards the spinal cord and can be highly invasive and life threatening.
  • The Spinal tumours are also sub-classified on the basis of origin tissue. These include:
  • Glioma
  • Chordoma
  • Astrocytoma
  • Ependymoma
  • Schwannoma
  • Neurofibroma
  • Meningioma

Sequelae of Spine Cancer

  • Pain
  • Disability
  • Permanent Nerve Damage
  • Paralysis
  • Death

How to tell if it's Spine Cancer?

  • Pain is constant and incurable.
  • Pain is not associated with physical activity.
  • Nocturnal pain.
  • History of cancer.
  • Any associated symptoms of cancer including nausea, vomiting, giddiness.
  • Numbness and muscle weakness.
  • Incontinence.

Treatment for Spinal Cancer

Spinal tumour treatment depends upon the size and type of tumour.  Following is the list of treatment options for vertebral column tumours:

  • Removal of pressure on the nerve roots so that severe pain can be controlled.
  • Removal of pressure on the spinal cord so that its neurological function can be preserved.
  • Spinal fusion surgery is performed for reconstructing the unstable spine and fixing the structural instability of the spine.

Treatment of intramedullary and intradural-extramedullary spinal tumours is done by surgically removing the tumour. The main aim of this treatment method is to completely remove the tumour as well as simultaneously preserve the neurological function of the spine.

We know that the spinal cord and nerves are extremely sensitive and therefore doctors performing spine treatment take extra care to ensure that any structural damage does not occur to the spine during the surgery. Various high-end monitoring techniques are used throughout the surgical intervention to ensure that no damage occurs to the spine.

Some spinal tumours are so complex in nature, that removing them completely is difficult and involves high-risk. For such cases, the doctors performing spine treatment in the South Delhi area suggest radiation therapy after the surgery. They also suggest chemotherapy for metastatic tumours. It may take sometime for the spine to fully recover after the treatment and have improved neurological function.

Categories >> Spine cancer

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